No changes required.
The global offset table contains 64-bit addresses.
No other changes required.
No changes required.
Much as the global offset table redirects position-independent address calculations to absolute locations, the procedure linkage table redirects position-independent function calls to absolute locations. The link editor cannot resolve execution transfers (such as function calls) from one executable or shared object to another. Consequently, the link editor arranges to have the program transfer control to entries in the procedure linkage table. On the AMD64 architecture, procedure linkage tables reside in shared text, but they use addresses in the private global offset table. The dynamic linker determines the destinations' absolute addresses and modifies the global offset table's memory image accordingly. The dynamic linker thus can redirect the entries without compromising the position-independence and shareability of the program's text. Executable files and shared object files have separate procedure linkage tables. Unlike Intel386 ABI, this ABI uses the same procedure linkage table for both programs and shared objects.
Following the steps below, the dynamic linker and the program ``cooperate'' to resolve symbolic references through the procedure linkage table and the global offset table.
The LD_BIND_NOW environment variable can change the dynamic linking behavior. If its value is non-null, the dynamic linker evaluates procedure linkage table entries before transferring control to the program. That is, the dynamic linker processes relocation entries of type R_X86_64_JUMP_SLOT during process initialization. Otherwise, the dynamic linker evaluates procedure linkage table entries lazily, delaying symbol resolution and relocation until the first execution of a table entry.
There is one valid program interpreter for programs conforming to the AMD64 ABI:
However, Linux puts this in
The implementation is responsible for executing the initialization functions specified by DT_INIT, DT_INIT_ARRAY, and DT_PREINIT_ARRAY entries in the executable file and shared object files for a process, and the termination (or finalization) functions specified by DT_FINI and DT_FINI_ARRAY, as specified by the System V ABI. The user program plays no further part in executing the initialization and termination functions specified by these dynamic tags.
Jan Hubicka 2003-05-04